Thursday, January 14, 2010

Wei Shuo 卫铄

Wei Shuo (273-349), commonly addressed just as Lady Wei, was a calligrapher of Jin Dynasty (266-420). She was unusual and outstanding in her era during which Chinese women were required to restrict themselves to the care of their homes and children and obedience to their husbands and parents-in-law.
Born in Dong-an Town, Jin He (today’s Xia County, Shanxi), Wei Shuo was the daughter of Wei Zhan and niece of Wei Guan, a famous calligraphy in Jin dynasty.
She was introduced to calligraphy at very young age when she was allowed to watch her uncle Wei Guan practice writing calligraphy. She observed carefully her uncle’s writing style and technique: how he held his brush, execute the strokes and compose the characters. After her uncle finished his practice, she would quickly go into her own room and practiced what she had learned.
She later learned calligraphy from the great calligrapher Zhong Yao. With much practice, Wei became well known for her Lishu (Official or Clerical script) and Kaishu (standard script).
Her calligraphy was described as being beautiful, fascinating and harmonious; it was like a fairy playing with her shadow or like a lovely young lady walking gracefully out onto a stage to perform.
Wei was also a great calligraphy theoretician whose theories resolved around the structural composition of an entire piece of calligraphy.
There is another reason that made her famous in calligraphy. She was the teacher of the sage of calligraphy, Wang Xizhi.
Her calligraphic works include the Famous Concubine Inscription (Ming Ji Tie) and the Inscription of Wei-shi Henan (Wei-shi Henan Tie)(see diagram).

1 comment:

  1. 看不见所提的名姬帖与卫氏和南帖(见图)。