Thursday, October 22, 2009

Wang Xianzhi 王献之

Wang Xianzhi (344-388 or 386), born in Kuaiji of Shanyin, was a famed calligrapher. He was the seventh son of the famous calligrapher Wang Xizhi, son-in-law of the Emperor Wendi of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. He served, as did his father, at the Eastern Jin court, attaining the rank of Chief Councillor (zhongshuling or daling), by which title he was later frequently known.
He was a child prodigy in calligraphy and enjoyed a reputation as a young calligraphy master. He was only eight years old when he participated in his father's literary gathering at the Orchid Pavilion. His father once stealthily came up from behind and tried to yank the brush from the seven-year-old Wang Xianzhi. Xianzhi was holding the brush pen so tightly that the father was unable to take it away from his hand. The father sighed that the son would become famous in the future. Wang Xianzhi himself claimed that at the age of 24, while roaming the mountains, he received instructions in the form of a piece of writing of 579 characters, which profoundly affected his writing style.
He is traditionally held to have first studied his father's style and then that of Zhang Zhi , who was renowned for his one-stroke, 'flying-white' calligraphy linking a column of characters in one charge of the brush.
Wang inherited his father's talent for the art, although his siblings were all notable calligraphers. His father and he are known in the calligraphy history as Two Wangs.
A versatile calligrapher, Wang Xianzhi was good at the cursive script and characters. His use of the brush was innovative and turned the unsophisticated ancient style into a new style known for its boldness. Amongst his innovations is the one-stroke cursive script, which blends all characters in the writing in a single stroke.
His influence on the calligraphers of the later generations was huge. Until the Tang Dynasty his influence and reputation rivalled and even surpassed that of his father.
Few of his original works have survived, and they are Yatouwan Tie, Luo Shen Fu Shisan Hang, Shieryue Tie and Zhongqiu Tie.
王献之 (344-388或386),生于山阴会稽,是个有名的书法家。他是著名书法家王羲之的第七子,东晋简文帝的驸马。和他的父亲一样,他官至中书令,或称大令,后人并以此称呼他。

No comments:

Post a Comment